Research #1-Globalization, national culture and the search for identity:A Chinese dilemma
Research #2-Globalization, Foreign media and Local response in China
Research #3-The Internet and the rise of a transnational Chinese cultural sphere
Research #4-The Concept of ‘Local’ in Local Chinese Television: a Case Study of Southwest China’s Chongqing Television
Research #5-TRANSNATIONAL CAPITAL, THE CHINESE STATE AND CHINA’SCOMMUNICATION INDUSTRIED IN A FRACTURED SOCIETY
Research #6-TRANSNATIONAL CABLE CHANNELS IN THE TAIWANESE MARKET: A Study of Domestication through Programming Strategies
Research #7-Transnational Social Networks and Negotiated Identities in Interactions Between Hong Kong and China
Research #8-East Asian Pop Culture: Consumer Communities and Politics of the National
Chua BH, 2005, East Asian Pop Culture: Consumer Communities and Politics of the National, Viewed 16 April 2013
In this article, Chua investigated East Asia pop culture products under a network of transnational consumer communities and how the potential for people-to-people exchanges might change mutual perspectives among the consumers, under the international translation process. The author breaks his analysis into several countries in Asia. For example, he talks about the successive films in China and the famous actors in japan to illustrate the different successful elements in television culture. His research focused on the transnational TV Drama in East Asia, especially on the ‘trendy drama’ that promote in other countries. For instance, Japanese drama imported in Hongkong’s television station with a cable television provider. This article is useful for our research because it covered the main influence countries like China, Japan, Korean, and Singapore. Particular in the visible and essentially component of Asia pop cultures, which is television. Furthermore, he also discussed about the transnational audience and community of the three mediums of pop culture as well as the pop culture space and public space. The main limitation of this article is it did not mention about any issues and problems might occurred through the event. Thus, the author describes the Television as a daily entertainment will create waves of excitement among consumers throughout region. This article will be useful for our research on analyzing the audience’s reaction as well as the community communication through the transnational television.
Smart, A and Smart J, ‘Transnational Social Networks and Negotiated Identities in Interactions Between Hong Kong and China’,Transnationalism From Below, Peter, M and Guarnizo, L E(ed.), Transaction publisher, New Jersey.
In this article, Alan and Josephine analyze the transnational social networks and negotiated identities in interactions between Hong Kong and China, they explore transnational social network in action as they are constituted and mobilized for practical activities. The researcher examine the research by investigating people’s understand the themes of films and television made in other area in China through the network system. Their research focuses on the problems and issues that occurred due to the complexity of different cultures background between Taiwan, HongKong and mainland China. How the Chinese negotiated their identity through daily practice under social network. The article is useful for our research topic is it claims that China as a multi-culture country that contain complex culture difference. It’s an useful information to analyze the substantial of China. The limitation of this article is it lacks off statistics to prove his point of view. Thus, the authors indicate that the contributions that ethnographic make the interplay between process of transnationalism and the mobilization and transformation of identities. This article will be a useful supplement of our research on the complexity in China.
Chen, PH 2004, TRANSNATIONAL CABLE CHANNELS IN THE TAIWANESE MARKET: A Study of Domestication through Programming Strategies, VIEWED 16 April 2013
In this article, Chen analyses on transnational cable channels in the Taiwanese market though programming strategies from an unbalanced flow view of information and cultural imperialism theory. The researcher uses research data and employs both quantitative and qualitative methods to unpack the programming, and marketing, strategies of domestication by the transnational cable channels in Taiwan. His research mainly focus on the ‘reveal the strategy of domesticating transnational cables channels in Taiwan, analyse the domestication of transnational cable channel programming and evaluate the effect of their domestication mainly from the viewpoint of the Taiwanese audience’. The research is useful for my research because it mentioned about the transnational media corporations, the trend of globalization is not only affect trade and finance, and also has huge impact on cultural activities. The limitation on the research is it limited the study on the Taiwanese audience. Thus, the author suggests that the most successful approach to programming is to balances imported and domestic qualities to best suit the needs and wants of locals from diverse populations. This article is helpful for my research on the area of the issues and solution raise by transnational television.
Zhao, YZ 2003, TRANSNATIONAL CAPITAL, THE CHINESE STATE AND CHINA’SCOMMUNICATION INDUSTRIED IN A FRACTURED SOCIETY, viewed 16 April 2013
In this article, Zhao states the Chinese state and emerging forms of social and cultural contestation from a transnational political economic perspective in a globalising context. The researcher expands his topic by ‘critique two prevailing analytical frameworks on this transformation’, ‘examine the defining characteristics of this transformation and entails discussing the specific ways in which transnational capital and domestic Chinese communication system is undergoing a process of profound transformation’ to develop the understanding of China’s telecommunication, news media, and cultural industries. The author focused on the Chinese nationalist framework within the transnational media corporations versus the Chinese media industry, transcultural political economic perspective. The article is useful for our research topic because it analysis on the impact of China’s open door policy, it discussed the broadcasting in regards to the corporation with other foreign originated satellite television channels such as Phoenix TV, a Hong Kong based satellite television which allows audience to select on the foreign television shows legally. Thus, the author suggests that the globally integrated Chinese communication system is developing rapidly in regards to the relationships within and across borders. By joining the WTO, China reformed the state culture from a ‘national’ place to an ‘international’ sphere. Thus, the article is useful as addition background knowledge in relation to part of my research topic about the politics, communication industries in Chinese state.
Zhang, X 2004, The Concept of ‘Local’ in Local Chinese Television: a Case Study of Southwest China’s Chongqing Television viewed 15 April 2013
In this article, Zhang explores the role of the ‘local in Chinese Television and argues the concepts of the local, national and international in the context of contemporary Chinese local TV are pragmatic under the cultural globalization. The researcher uses official documentation and interviews with a range of key personnel to demonstrate the local Chinese television station understands his understanding about ‘local’ ‘national’ and ‘international’. The research chose the southwest China Chongqing television as a subject to investigate on the concept of how the ‘local’ as established by the employees of a local television station. This article is useful for my research because it analysis the concept of the ‘local’ through six ideas within Chongqing television station. Obviously, local is the main component versus international, its helpful because it describes how the local television is been established through years. The main limitation of this work is it lacks off analysis the foreign television has impact on the Chinese local television, it mentioned about international and globalization but did not go in depth. Thus, the author indicates that the concept of ‘local’ of Chongqing TV is fulfilling with complex political and social conditions. Hence, it reflects the local political and institution’s culture meaning. This article might be use for my research on investigating the Chinese local media.
Yang, GB 2003, The Internet and the rise of a transnational Chinese cultural sphere, viewed 15 April 2013
In this article, Yang states the online Chinese cultural sphere which is Internet-base sphere that influenced China’s media, culture and society and also discuss the issues caused by it. The Internet resources are open in its broadest way and diverse enough for participation. The author uses tables to indicate Chinese online consumer increase over years, including online magazines, selected websites on BBs, also four cases studies on the dynamics in bulletin board system leads to the political issue. What kind of democracy China needs and also the economic development. The research focused on the transnational politics and on civil society in China and the political functions of online Chinese cultural sphere. The article might potentially helps my research topic because it analysis deeply in how the online culture sphere served as a space of public expression and protest. Despite the Chinese policy, It’s an evidence that the Internet open up a bigger space for people to communicate. Therefore, the author indicates that the Internet in not the only condition to raise the online transnational Chinese culture sphere. This article will not participate a big part of my research, but it helps for me to understand the online Chinese culture sphere in regards to the use of Internet.
Xu, MH 2005, Globalization, Foreign media and Local response in China, viewed 15 April 2013
In this article, Xu reviews the current complicated situation regarding the entrance of foreign media in China, especially focus on the active response of the Chinese government, the responses of both local and global media companies and the local audience changed their preference from the perspectives of political, economic and cultural. The author uses statistic to show the gradually changes of Chinese media market influenced by foreign media companies, and using examples of specific channels that got influenced, like Guangdong and HongKong’s television program. By imported foreign program, audience get in touch with different cultural aspects, and evokes their reflexive awareness that leads them to shape their cultural identity. The research concentrates on cultural adaption, localization and the local responses. Audience is active, by receiving the new culture, they are not passive on receiving the foreign media, they take the challenge and through the adaption of the local cultural to find out their identity instead. This article is useful for our research because it analysis the benefits on transnational television, especially on how foreign media companies adapt local cultures in order to achieve success in China’s big fat market. The main limitation is it only analysis on the benefit and advantages of the import of foreign media, it should have mention the weakness as well. Thus, the author efforts this is a win-win competition that the transnational broadcasters has not yet damaged local culture, and it raise the awareness of local audience’s hostile sentiment toward foreign cultural products. This article will be useful supplementary information for my research on the benefit that foreign media companies gave China, through adapt their local culture and evoke the awareness of local audience.
Wu, M, and Guo, ZZ 2005, Globalization, national culture and the search for identity: A Chinese dilemma, viewed 14 April 2013,
In this article Wu and Guo. review China faces the dilemma of preserving an official version of its ‘national culture’ while being encountered with globalization and diverse searches for cultural and local identities. The authors use examples of photographer, director and writer’s personal project to protect the national culture, as well as how foreign television shows had been dubbing or subtitling with local dialects. Their research focuses on how the local celebrity taking actions on protect their traditional among other cultures within China. The article is useful to our research topic because it efforts about how Chinese culture are not only limited in their efforts to protect and defend all cultural heritages from disappearing, but also ambiguous in envisaging the course and direction of culture protection. The main limitation of this article is that it limited to talk about the local cultures under the discussion of culture globalisation, therefore the authors indicate that with the growing Internet and mobile communications, the impact on Chinese society is still developing. This article will not form the basis of my research; however it will be useful supplementary information for my research on the complexity within the Chinese culture under globalization.